Factors affecting pollen harvesting by the honeybee.

Published online
01 Jan 1979
Content type
Journal article
Journal title
Journal of Applied Ecology

McLellan, A. R.

Publication language


The contents of pollen traps on two hives in Midlothian, Scotland, were analysed for 3 seasons, and in the 4th season the study was extended to 4 hives. Different colonies were used in each season. It was found that: the amount of pollen trapped was affected more by colony size than by weather, site or time of year; collection patterns were similar each year; pollen was collected from mid-May to mid-September, and particularly in the first half of that period; the mean number of pollen species per colony was 14; few pollen types were trapped in large quantities, with only 6 types representing 85% of the total collected; relative amounts of different types varied with site and with colony preferences; relatively more pollen was collected from plants in mixed woods than from other habitats, especially from Acer pseudoplatanus, Fagus sylvatica, Rubus spp. and Chamaenerion angustifolium; on arable land various Cruciferae, and in pasture Trifolium repens and Ranunculus spp., were important. Author

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