How to establish a dialogue between researchers and policy makers to adapt to climate change in Mali: Analysis of challenges, constraints and opportunities.
Mali is a Sahelian country practising agroforestry pastoral system whose economy is based primarily on agriculture, however, a tributary of the variability and climate change sector. Indeed, climate change and variability affect agriculture, as agriculture and the management of natural resources affect the climate system. In Mali, a country with semiarid tropical climate, climate change is an unprecedented threat to food security, especially to those whose livelihoods depend on small-scale agriculture. In order to develop practical solutions for agriculture and food security, knowledge on climate change, agriculture and food security must be integrated in an understandable manner; including climate issues into national policies and strategies for beneficial actions for the resilience of rural populations. Information exchange and knowledge between actors are therefore essential to ensure that decisions on policies, strategies and actions to mitigate climate change are based on data. This research report produced as part of the activities of the platform National Science Policy dialogue on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security in Mali (C-CASA Mali), illuminates the different stakeholders, challenges, constraints and opportunities for operational dialogue between researchers and producers to adapt to climate change. Further, this report enumerates eight key results from the study: (1) an inventory of the existing institutional fabric for functional dialogue; (2) the difficulties of organization and functioning of the institutions involved in the fight against climate change; (3) the increased need for partnership between institutions; (4) the accompanying need for adequate funding; (5) the inventory of dialogue between researchers and policymakers in Mali; (6) constraints for an operational dialogue between researchers and policy makers in Mali; (7) the opportunities for operational dialogue between researchers and policy makers in Mali; and (8) the need for communication between researchers and policy makers in Mali. The consideration and analysis of these results should yield actionable recommendations to improve inter-institutional dialogue, informed decision, and political decisions that could certainly promote a climate smart agriculture for improving resilience of farming in Mali.