A place based development of organic farming to tackle water pollution problems.
Organic farming (OF) appears as a potential solution to water pollutions problems because its regulations forbids the use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides. Developing OF to protect water quality requires having a place-based development of OF and it is a new challenge. In France, various projects therefore aim at targeting OF development in sensitive water catchment areas. In this paper, we carried out a case study analysis of such projects, analysing their design, the policy tools implemented and the stakeholders involved in their governance. Water managers appears as playing an active role in the promotion and the development of OF at local level. The implementation of local projects, in which OF is considered as a solution to local problems and challenges, appear as being a new feature of OF development. It brings organic stakeholders to interact with non agricultural stakeholders and this is one of the challenges to be dealt with for Organic 3.0.without the rest of the paper.