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Seasonal light interception and canopy development in hedgerow and bed system apple orchards.

Published online: 01 Jan 1978

Authors: Palmer, J. W. & Jackson, J. E.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Patterns of light interception, in both time and space, were measured during 1973 and 1974 in apple orchards. Several planting systems were investigat...

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Diurnal light interception and a computer model of light interception by hedgerow apple orchards.

Published online: 01 Jan 1978

Authors: Palmer, J. W.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

There was a marked diurnal variation of light interception by hedgerow orchards on sunny days in June and July. This variation was considerably reduce...

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Interception of light by model hedgerow orchards in relation to latitude, time of year and hedgerow configuration and orientation.

Published online: 01 Jan 1973

Authors: Jackson, J. E. & Palmer, J. W.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Light interception by model hedgerow orchards and light distribution over their surfaces were investigated using a computer for the direct light calcu...

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Light transmittance by apple leaves and canopies.

Published online: 01 Jan 1978

Authors: Palmer, J. W.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Light transmittance and reflectance of sun and shade leaves of apple (cv. Golden Delicious) were measured from May to September over the 380-700 nm wa...

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The spatial aggregation of organic farming in England and its underlying environmental correlates.

Published online: 15 Apr 2009

Authors: Gabriel, D. & Carver, S. J. & Durham, H. & Kunin, W. E. & Palmer, R. C. & Sait, S. M. & Stagl, S. & Benton, T. G.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Given the current debate on the global food crisis, conservation in Europe is expected to shift from maximizing biodiversity at the expense of yield t...

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