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Plant-animal interactions in a continuously grazed mixture. I. Differences in the physiology of leaf expansion and the fate of leaves of grass and clover.

Published online: 16 Nov 1991

Authors: Parsons, A. J. & Harvey, A. & Woledge, J.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

In grazing trials at Hurley in Mar.-Oct. 1984, mixed Trifolium repens cv. Huia/Lolium perenne cv. S23 swards were continuously grazed by sheep to main...

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An evaluation of three quick methods commonly used to assess sward height in ecology.

Published online: 03 Jan 2002

Authors: Stewart, K. E. J. & Bourn, N. A. D. & Thomas, J. A.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Many ecological studies and applications involve measuring the height of grassland swards. An evaluation was made of the practicality, accuracy and co...

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The management of grass pastures for brent geese.

Published online: 24 Jun 1994

Authors: Vickery, J. A. & Sutherland, W. J. & Lane, S. J.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Encouraging geese onto pasture where they cause less conflict with agriculture than when on arable crops was investigated. The grazing intensity of wi...

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Controlled grazing studies on Nardus grassland: effects of between-tussock sward height and species of grazer on Nardus utilization and floristic composition in two fields in Scotland.

Published online: 25 Jan 1997

Authors: Grant, S. A. & Torvell, L. & Sim, E. M. & Small, J. L. & Armstrong, R. H.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

The utilization of the tussock-forming grass Nardus stricta was investigated in controlled grazing experiments in which various sward heights of betwe...

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The physiology of grass production under grazing. 2. Photosynthesis, crop growth and animal intake of continuously-grazed swards.

Published online: 02 Feb 1984

Authors: Parsons, A. J. & Leafe, E. L. & Collett, B. & Penning, P. D. & Lewis, J.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Measurements were made to determine the balance between photosynthesis, animal intake and the losses of matter in swards maintained by 'lenient' conti...

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Some effects of annual applications of three growth-retarding compounds on the composition and growth of a pasture sward.

Published online: 01 Nov 1988

Authors: Marshall, E. J. P.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Maleic hydrazide and mefluidide significantly retarded growth of a mixed sward dominated by Festuca rubra, Agrostis spp., Poa spp., Dactylis glomerata...

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The physiology of grass production under grazing. I. Characteristics of leaf and canopy photosynthesis of continuously-grazed swards.

Published online: 01 Jan 1983

Authors: Parsons, A. J. & Leafe, E. L. & Collett, B. & Stiles, W.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Perennial ryegrass swards were continuously grazed by sheep. One sward was grazed to maintain an LAI (lamina) close to 1.0 ('hard' grazed) and a 2nd s...

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Breeding skylarks Alauda arvensis on Environmentally Sensitive Area arable reversion grass in southern England: survey-based and experimental determination of density.

Published online: 24 Feb 1999

Authors: Wakeham-Dawson, A. & Szoszkiewicz, K. & Stern, K. & Aebischer, N. J.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

In the South Downs and South Wessex Downs (southern England), designated an Environmentally Sensitive Area (ESA) in 1987 and 1993, respectively, farme...

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The diet of goats, red deer and South American camelids feeding on three contrasting Scottish upland vegetation communities.

Published online: 23 Jul 1997

Authors: Fraser, M. D. & Gordon, I. J.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

With changes in the agricultural policy for rural areas in the UK there is increased interest in the development of management protocols for indigenou...

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Influence of agricultural management, sward structure and food resources on grassland field use by birds in lowland England.

Published online: 02 Nov 2005

Authors: Atkinson, P. W. & Fuller, R. J. & Vickery, J. A. & Conway, G. J. & Tallowin, J. R. B. & Smith, R. E. N. & Haysom, K. A. & Ings, T. C. & Asteraki, E. J. & Brown, V. K.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Agricultural management of grassland in lowland Britain has changed fundamentally in the last 50 years, resulting in spatial and structural uniformity...

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