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Showing 133 results

Tests of different methods for measuring and estimating utilization rate of heather (Calluna vulgaris) by vertebrate herbivores.

Published online: 07 Nov 1992

Authors: Armstrong, H. M. & Macdonald, A. J.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

In a field study at a hill sheep farm in the Tweedsmuir hills of SE Scotland the precision of 4 methods for measuring utilization rate of C. vulgaris ...

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The influence of vegetation pattern on the grazing of heather moorland by red deer and sheep. II. The impact on heather.

Published online: 24 Mar 1995

Authors: Clarke, J. L. & Welch, D. & Gordon, I. J.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Red deer (Cervus elaphus) and Scottish Blackface sheep were grazed in a series of 10-day periods in plots of heather (Calluna vulgaris) moorland havin...

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Predicting spatial variation in heather utilization by sheep and red deer within heather/grass mosaics.

Published online: 22 Sep 2000

Authors: Palmer, S. C. F. & Hester, A. J.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Recent work has shown that the dynamics of woody and herbaceous vegetation mosaics under grazing or browsing can be strongly affected by the spatial p...

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Setting sustainable grazing levels for heather moorland: a multi-site analysis.

Published online: 15 Apr 2009

Authors: Pakeman, R. J. & Nolan, A. J.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Many habitats of high conservation value are managed by grazing but could be damaged by poor grazing management. Approaches and methods to set appropr...

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Assessing impacts of large herbivores on shrubs: tests of scaling factors for utilization rates from shoot-level measurements.

Published online: 07 Feb 2007

Authors: Bilyeu, D. M. & Cooper, D. J. & Hobbs, N. T.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Accurate methods for estimating the intensity of browsing by herbivores are fundamental to understanding the ecology of shrub communities. Quantifying...

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The utilization of blanket bog vegetation by grazing sheep.

Published online: 01 Jan 1977

Authors: Grant, S. A. & Lamb, W. I. C. & Kerr, C. D. & Bolton, G. R.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Three areas of bog in western Scotland were grazed at monthly intervals at the times of the year when sheep would graze these areas in hill sheep prod...

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Comparisons of vegetation use and herbivore biomass on a Rhodesian game and cattle ranch.

Published online: 01 Jan 1979

Authors: Taylor, R. D. & Walker, B. H.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

Botanical composition, utilization of vegetation and animal biomass were compared on the 12 000-ha cattle section and 8 000-ha game section of Buffalo...

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Studies in the grazing of heather moorland in North-East Scotland. I. Site descriptions and patterns of utilization.

Published online: 10 Sep 1984

Authors: Welch, D.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

The utilization by herbivores of plant spp. growing in 32 moorland sites was investigated. Occupance of the moorland by cattle and sheep was determine...

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Controlled grazing studies on Nardus grassland: effects of between-tussock sward height and species of grazer on Nardus utilization and floristic composition in two fields in Scotland.

Published online: 25 Jan 1997

Authors: Grant, S. A. & Torvell, L. & Sim, E. M. & Small, J. L. & Armstrong, R. H.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

The utilization of the tussock-forming grass Nardus stricta was investigated in controlled grazing experiments in which various sward heights of betwe...

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The effect of temperature upon the boring activity and survival of Limnoria (Isopoda).

Published online: 14 Dec 1965

Authors: Eltringham, S. K.

Content type: Journal article

Journal title: Journal of Applied Ecology

The effect of temperature upon the boring activity and survival of a sample of Limnoria spp. taken from Southampton Water was investigated experimenta...

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