The effects of seed burial and soil disturbance on emergence and survival of arable weeds in relation to minimal cultivation.

Published online
20 Dec 1984
Content type
Journal article
Journal title
Journal of Applied Ecology

Froud-Williams, R. J. & Chancellor, R. J. & Drennan, D. S. H.

Publication language


Seeds of 16 arable weed spp. collected in 1977 were sown outdoors in boxes or pots at various depths. Most grass spp. emerged in the autumn, while many dicotyledonous spp. emerged in spring. Seedling emergence of small-seeded spp. was reduced by soil burial, but was increased in large-seeded spp. Numbers of viable ungerminated seeds remaining after 2 yr were least for surface sown seed and greatest for buried undisturbed seed; Alopecurus myosuroides, Viola arvensis, Papaver rhoeas and Polygonum aviculare were most frequent. It was concluded that annual grass weeds are encouraged by current agronomic practices, while annual dicotyledons are likely to decline.

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