Inspiring natural landscapes in a crowded country: five examples of nature-based solutions in Dutch landscapes.
This paper presents five examples of area development in very different landscapes in the Netherlands. These examples also illustrate the shift in the public perception of nature and the changes that have taken place in nature policy and conservation management. In all five areas, it has been possible to establish a sustainable ecosystem of high ecological quality and at the same time increase the value of the landscape for recreation, water storage and regional economic development. These successes can be attributed to the development of new robust natural areas as well as areas that permit characteristic vulnerable species and communities to exploit alternative habitats; in short, to more robustness and more naturalness.