Challenging common myths in protected area management.

Published online
10 Jul 2019
Published by
Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation
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This paper indicates that some of the widespread assumptions relating to the relationship between protected areas (PAs) and human wellbeing are not based on evidence. It argues that: (1) PAs are only likely to help poor people in the local area if they can still access natural resources within the PAs; (2) increases in material wellbeing do not necessarily reduce pressure on PAs; (3) compensation is rarely sufficient to offset the negative social costs of PAs for poor people; (4) participation in protected area governance can be linked to positive outcomes, but constraints to full and effective participation need to be overcome; and (5) resource tenure underpins improved conservation outcomes, but have possible negative outcomes for the most marginalized.

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