Grazing heathland: a guide to impact assessment for insects and reptiles.

Published online
21 Oct 2021
Published by
Natural England
Content type

Offer, D. & Edwards MiKe & Edgar, P.

Publication language


This report sets out a process, called Grazing Impact Assessment (GIA), that helps identify and assess potentially adverse impacts of grazing on sensitive fauna. The process presented in this report comprises five steps, which begin with the identification of important features on a site and lead to the development of adjustments to the proposed grazing regime. GIA provides a means by which site managers can deliver effective grazing on conservation sites without compromising the requirements of the very species that they are seeking to conserve. It collates for the first time within a single document a large amount of information about the species of insects and reptiles associated with important features on heathland.

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