A culture of conservation: how an ancient forest plantation turned into an old growth forest reserve - the story of the Wamulin forest.

Published online
13 Oct 2021
Published by
British Ecological Society
Content type

Yang ZhiJie & Zheng QunRui & Zhou MingXiu & Zeng HongDa & Hogan, J. A. & Lin TengChiu
Contact email(s)

Publication language
China & Fujian


This paper determines the ecological and cultural role of forest plantation and how it turns into an old growth forest reserve. A case study of a very old second-growth forest in southeastern China is presented -the Wanmulin forest- in which a forest plantation planted approximately six centuries ago has now developed into an old forest with extraordinary high biodiversity levels, an immense carbon pool, and a rich culture. This case illustrates that, although human activity is the main cause for the disappearance and degradation of many forests, when human interests and cultural values align, a forest plantation can develop through natural processes into an old forest with characteristics similar to primary old-growth forests.

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