Social and economic benefits of learning in natural environments: A study of learning outside the classroom in natural environments (LINE) in primary school settings to provide a forecast of social value.

Published online
06 Jan 2023
Published by
Natural England
Content type

Wadley, N.

Publication language
England & UK


This report provides a forecast of the potential social impact of 'learning outside the classroom in natural environments' (LINE) in primary school settings in England. The participating schools were drawn from schools that hold the Council for Learning Outside the Classroom (CLOtC) Mark or that do not have the CLOtC Mark but have LINE embedded in their regular practice. It is evident throughout the full scope of the study undertaken that LINE is making a difference to the lives of children across a wide range of primary school settings. The forecast Social Return on Investment (SROI) ratio for learning outside the classroom in natural environment is £4.32 for every £1 invested.

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